Even though sugar has no biological value and consists only calories it’s still broadly
used all around the world on a daily basis. Sugar is all carbohydrates and is easily
digested by human body which dissolves it in Fructose and Glucose and shortly calls
forth the energy rush in the body.
It’s impossible to imagine confectionary without sugar. It’s also commonly used in the
canned goods industry. There is a variety of sugar: granulated sugar, powder, refined,
lump sugar, brown and light brown sugar, etc.
Brown sugar is made of sugarcane (Lat. Saccharum), which has been produced in
India since ancient times and the name originates from India. Pressing the sugar-
cane produces sweet juice, processing of which turns the liquid into sugar. The cane
sugar is considered to be less harmful and it's the most delicious.
Today, 60% of the world produced sugar is made out of sugarcane and 40% - from the
High sugar consistency of beets was first discovered by a French botanist Olivier de Serre
in 1575, however, the technology of obtaining sugar from the beets has
found German scientist Andreas Sigizmund Markgraf later in 1747. 50 years later
Markgraf's apprentice has perfected the technology after growing beets
outside Berlin and presented his results to the King of Prussia. The first sugar factory
was built in Germany.
People living in developed countries consume about 100-140 gr. sugar per day. World
Healthcare Organization recommends decreasing this amount down to 5%, as a large amount
of sugar negatively affects the human body. It provokes risks of cardio-vascular
system diseases, metabolism disorders and threatens to our immune systems.