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Fruits in December

December, comes from the Greek word Deca - Ten. According to the old calendar, it was the tenth month, but now it is the twelfth, and quite the end of the year. This month ends the annual cycle of our seasonal products. We recently wrote about tangerines, but the rest of the list is for you:


Oranges
They belong to the evergreen fruit trees of the Citrus genus of the family Rutaceae, has a different height (from 4 to 12 m), differ in leathery, oval leaves, white bisexual single flowers or inflorescences. The fruit of the orange is a multi-berry berry with a light yellow or reddish-orange color, sour-sweet juicy flesh. It is originally from Southeast Asia, but now it is grown in many mills with a tropical or subtropical climate (for example, in Georgia, Dagestan, Azerbaijan, the Krasnodar Territory, in the countries of Central Asia, Italy, Spain, Egypt, Morocco, Algeria, Japan, India, Pakistan, USA and Indonesia, in the south of France). The “sugar” orange varieties are Mosambi and Sukkari. Orange fruit contains vitamin A, B2, PP, B1, C, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, iron. Oranges have anti-inflammatory, antiviral, anti-allergic and anti-scorching properties. Therefore, they are recommended for anemia, anemia, loss of appetite, indigestion, lethargy and weakness, atherosclerosis, hypertension, liver disease, gout, obesity, scurvy, constipation. Regular consumption of oranges tones the body, has a rejuvenating effect, helps purify the blood, heals wounds and ulcers, and prevents the development of blood clots. In cooking, oranges are used to make salads, sauces, cocktails, desserts, juice, ice cream, compotes, liqueurs, and pastries.

A pineapple
It belongs to the terrestrial herbaceous plants of the Bromeliad family, differs by prickly leaves and stems, numerous adventitious roots that develop directly in the leaf axils. Pineapple crops are formed by growing seedless fruits and the fleshy axis of the inflorescence. Tropical America is considered the birthplace of pineapple, but in the modern world it is widely distributed in many countries as a valuable industrial culture. Pineapple pulp contains vitamin B1, B12, B2, PP, A, organic acids, dietary fiber, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, copper, iron, zinc, manganese, magnesium, the enzyme bromelin, iodine. Useful substances of pineapple reduce blood pressure, stimulate digestion, thin the blood, dull the feeling of hunger, promote weight loss, increase the serotonin content in the blood, rejuvenate the body, remove excess fluid from the body. And also prevent the development of atherosclerosis, thrombosis of blood vessels, stroke and myocardial infarction. In addition, pineapple is used to treat bronchitis, arthritis, pneumonia, infectious diseases, diseases of the central nervous system. In cooking, pineapples are used to make desserts, salads, meat dishes. But in the 19th century, to the table of some nobles they were served fermented and composed soup.

Apple Golden

This is a vigorous tree with a wide oval or rounded crown, medium conical greenish-yellow fruits with a “rusty” grid or a weak “blush”. Golden has a smooth, medium-thick sandpaper and dense creamy fine-grained juicy flesh. Golden from East Virginia, where in 1890 was discovered as a "random" seedling. Now, after more than a hundred years, it is common in many regions of the world. It should be noted that for a long period of time, this sort of apple is the leader in sales in such countries as: Austria, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Spain, England, Italy, Ukraine, the Netherlands, Poland, Russia and others. Apple Golden is a low-calorie fruit - 47 kcal / 100 grams and contains organic acids, sodium, fiber, potassium, iron, calcium, vitamin PP, B3, A, C, B1, magnesium, iodine, phosphorus. It is recommended to use it to normalize digestion, reduce cholesterol, prevent atherosclerosis, maintain the immune system, clean and disinfect the body, strengthen the nervous system, stimulate brain activity. As well as with hypovitaminosis, diabetes and for the prevention of cancer. In addition to the use of raw apples pickled, salted, baked, dried, added to salads, desserts, sauces, main dishes, drinks (including alcohol).

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